Along the east coast from Canada to the Gulf of Mexico. Common name smooth cordgrass. Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora Common Names: Smooth Cordgrass Bloom Color(s): yellow Duration: Perennial Bloom Period: April to May Plant Family: Poaceae Growth Habit: Graminoid Please sign in to add a photo or suggest additions or corrections to this record." Cordgrass. Saltmeadow Cordgrass is a slender and wiry plant that grows in thick mats 30-60 cm high, green in spring and summer, and turns light brown in late fall and winter. National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA. Since this plant can thrive in saline conditions that other dune plants cannot you might see this plant more often in areas that are subject to overwash. Range/Geographical Distribution. Cord grass reproduce by new plants sprouting from the stems of other cord grass plants. Like most websites we use cookies. Also found on the west coast from Washington to California. The highest species diversity is on the east coasts of North and South America, particularly Flo… Smooth cordgrass. Darbha Grass or Kusha Grass is scientifically known as Desmostachya bipinnata, commonly known in English by the names Halfa grass, Big cordgrass, and Salt reed-grass, is an Old World perennial grass, long known and used in human history.. Soil Texture. alterniflora is a rhizomatous perennial grass, grows 0.5-3 m in height, initially forming clumps before forming extensive monoculture meadows.Spartina spp. Spartina x townsendii H. Groves & J. Groves. Light Range. Scientific name: Spartina alterniflora What Is It? Cookies. The smooth and gulf cordgrasses have a single spike for its inflorescence, whereas the marshhay cordgrass has 3-5 spikes set off at a 45° from the stem. Listed … Alternative Title: Bouteloua Grama grass, (genus Bouteloua), genus of about 50 species of annual or perennial grasses in the family Poaceae. Size. View this image below in landscape mode highly recommended. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. (Graminiae - Tribe Chlorideae). Smooth cordgrass usually reproduces asexually when its long, underground rhizomes spread and form new stems. stems stiffly erect, 3-5 ft. tall, smooth; leaf blades to 2 ft. long, to 5/8 in. The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov, 28 March 2018). Although some species of cordgrass are native, they can be aggressive invaders. They are green or purple-tinged. Synonyms. Scientific name Order: Poales Family: Poaceae Genus: Spartina Species: alterniflora Common names: Smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, saltwater cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, oystergrass Basic identification key Using the Key to West Coast Spartina Species’ dichotomous key one can properly identify Spartina alterniflora among the other Taxonomy: Scientific and Common Names for This Species. Geographical Considerations. USDA, NRCS. (20 to 50 cm) long and 1 to 8 in. By: Carla Bossard,Carri Benefield. CORDGRASS PLANTING, EVALUATING AND TETRAZOLIUM INFORMATION SHEET (Prepared by Sarah Dammen, RST, Mid-West Seed Services, mwseed.com 2005) Common name:_Prairie Cordgrass Scientific name:_Spartina pectinata__ © 2021 University of Florida / IFAS / Center for Aquatic & Invasive Plants Growth is solitary or in small clumps from widely spreading, slender, wiry rhizomes [9,28]. × This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible. Saltmarsh Cordgrass Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora Saltmarsh cordgrass is typical of the low marsh. Display as: Spartina alterniflora – saltwater cordgrass, smooth cordgrass Distribution: Introduced in Pacific County, Washington; common along the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts of the United States. 2018. There are no infrataxa [13,14].LIFE FORM : Graminoid FEDERAL LEGAL STATUS : No special status OTHER … Environmental gradients and herbivores feeding preferences in coastal salt marshes. Sandy Clay. Illustration courtesy of University of Florida/IFAS Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants. Closely related California natives Spartina foliosa, S. gracilis. USDA, NRCS. Estuaries, 2:271-273. Closely related California non-natives: 3. × Scientific Name. 2) Planting month for zone 8: year round. Cordgrass. long, having 5-20 spike-like branches to 5 in. Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora; Size: 3 to 5 feet tall. Recognized varieties and their distribution are … Submerged portions of all aquatic plants provide habitats for many micro and macro invertebrates. Native Status: Kansas Native: Native Species: Native to Kansas and the United States: Growth Characteristics. Hardiness Zones: 2; Appearance: A dark green color with yellow flowers that turn brown in winter. ABBREVIATION : SPAPEC SYNONYMS : Spartina michauxiana A.S. Hitchc.SCS PLANT CODE : SPPE COMMON NAMES : prairie cordgrass tall marshgrass sloughgrass TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name for prairie cordgrass is Spartina pectinata Link. Its roots are a favorite food of snow geese. In New England salt marshes, the most predictable plant zonation occurs at the mean high water line, separating the low and high marsh habitats. The leaves of the smooth cordgrass are usually open and flat except in extremely dry conditions. – cordgrass. A large, coarse, green grass specially adapted to live in a saline environment. Photo Credits: The majority of the aquatic plant line drawings are the copyright of the University of Florida Center for Aquatic Plants (Gainsville). The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Species information. 5 meters tall. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Habitat. Scientific name Order: Poales Family: Poaceae Genus: Spartina Species: alterniflora Common names: Smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, saltwater cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, oystergrass Basic identification key Using the Key to West Coast Spartina Species’ dichotomous key one can properly identify Spartina alterniflora among the other Spartina species. Common name common cordgrass. Strong rhizomes with the ability to grow 5-10 feet per year separate this grass from the other desirable native warm season grasses. – cordgrass : Species: Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Planting month for zone 9: year round. Flower Info; Sightings; Share. Closely related California natives Spartina foliosa, S. gracilis. Scientific name: Spartina bakeriPronunciation: spar-TYE-nuh BAY-ker-ryeCommon name(s): marsh grass, sand cordgrassFamily: GramineaePlant type: herbaceous; ornamental grassUSDA hardiness zones: 8B through 11 (Fig. Seaweeds and seagrass; Statistics Leaf: Usually 20-50cm long. Duck Scientific Classification Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata Class Aves Order Anseriformes Family Anatidae Genus Duck Scientific Name Anas Platyrhynchos Smooth cord grass is a grass. Hollow stems grow from 2 to 4 ft (0.6 to 1.2 m) tall. Smooth cord grass is a native on the U.S. Atlantic coast (yellow in map below), but is considered to be a non-native invasive plant on the U.S. Pacific coast (green in map below). Cord grass roots go deep into the marsh mud in order to get the nutrients it needs to survive. Smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, salt-water cordgrass. The planthoppers, Prokelisia spp., are the most widespread and abundant herbivorous insects of cordgrass.Both nymphs and adults feed upon phloem fluids using their stylets inserted through the top of the cordgrass leaf into the vascular bundle (Cook and Denno, 1994).Wu et al. Spartina, commonly known as cordgrass or cord-grass, is a genus of plants in the grass family, frequently found in coastal salt marshes. Distribution Maps. Pronunciation: spar-TYE-nuh BAY-ker-rye. Cordgrass source. The ranchers there often burn gulf cordgrass due to the palatability of new growth. Aquatic plant photographs were provided by David Bayne, Jim Davis, Kelly Duffie, Billy Higginbotham, Michael Masser, John Clayton, Chetta Owens, Diane Smith, Joe Snow, Don Steinbach, Bridget Robinson Lassiter and Peter Woods. Origin: Introduced from the Atlantic coast of North America Flowers: August - September. General Information. Yard Conditions. Spartina alterniflora – USDA PLANTS Profile. Prairie cordgrass is a tall (6-8 feet), robust, native grass. 2004. Along the east coast from Canada to the Gulf of Mexico. long, branches pressed to the axis and overlapping; spikelets 10-40 on each inflorescence branch, flattened, smooth, pointed tips, in 2 rows, often twisting; flowers occur only on branch undersides. Cordgrass can form dense clusters up to 80 feet across. Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora Common Names: Smooth Cordgrass Bloom Color(s): yellow Duration: Perennial Bloom Period: April to May Plant Family: Poaceae Growth Habit: Graminoid Please sign in to add a photo or suggest additions or corrections to this record." Used with permission. Description Cookies. vernacular scientific Creatures » … » Plants » … » True Grasses » … Creatures » Cellular Organisms » Eukaryotes » Plants » Green Plants » Spermatophytes » Angiosperms » Monocots » Commelinids » Grasses » True Grasses » Cordgrass « Atlantic Cordgrass Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Cordgrasses are found on marshes and tidal mud flats of North America, Europe, and Africa and often form dense colonies. 8a to 11. Category. Smooth cord grass is a native on the U.S. Atlantic coast (yellow in map below), but is considered to be a non-native invasive plant on the U.S. Pacific coast (green in map below). Spartina alterniflora. Plant type: herbaceous; ornamental grass. Common Name(s): smooth cordgrass : Atlantic cordgrass : saltmarsh cordgrass : Taxonomic Status: ... Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Range/Geographical Distribution. Will this plant grow in my area? Spartina Schreb. Scientific name: Spartina bakeri Pronunciation: spar-TYE-nuh BAY-ker-rye Common name(s): marsh grass, sand cordgrass Family: Gramineae Plant type: herbaceous; ornamental grass USDA hardiness zones: 8B through 11 (Fig. Cultivars - There are two known cultivars, Vermilion and Bayshore. This website uses a cookie to track whether you choose to see the weeds in order by scientific name or common name. Family: Gramineae. This plant is not native to Florida. Hardiness Zones. Used with permission. 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